The federal government will gather information from millions of Brazilians in an integrated system. Named the Citizen Base Register, it was created by decree of President Jair Bolsonaro published in the Thursday (10) edition of Official Diary of the Union.
Initially, the base will be formed with data linked to the CPF, such as name, date of birth, sex and affiliation. In the future, it should be complemented by other thematic bases of public agencies with biometric data also linked to the CPF.
According to the decree, the objective of the Citizen Base Register is to improve the management of public policies, increase the reliability of the registries, create a unified means of identification and facilitate the sharing of data between government agencies.
“State information will be shared as widely as possible, subject to legal restrictions, information and communications security requirements and the provisions of the General Law on Protection of Personal Data”, says the text.
The integrated base will be operated by different public agencies, which will be able to offer and receive access to data with permission. Data sharing will be categorized at three levels:
- Wide: for public data that is not subject to any access restrictions;
- Restricted: for data protected by confidentiality, with concession to all bodies for the execution of public policies;
- Specific: for data protected by secrecy, with concession to certain bodies for purposes provided by law.
What data will be in the Citizen Base Register?
The decree defines that the integrated base will gather cadastral attributes, that is, identification information in public agencies, and biographical ones, the natural details of a person such as name and place of birth. These are the data that will be in the Citizen Base Register:
- Civil name or, when applicable, social name;
- Date of birth;
- Marital status;
- Family group;
- Employment bonds;
- Date and death indicator, when applicable;
- NIS (Social Identification Number);
- PIS (Social Integration Program);
- Pasep (Program for the Formation of the Civil Servant’s Heritage);
- Voter Registration;
- Company name, trade name, corporate composition and CNAE (National Classification of Economic Activities).
In a second step, the base will also have biometric attributes, which can be collected for automated recognition. These are the biometric data of the integrated base:
- Retina of the eyes;
- Iris of the eyes;
- Face shape;
- Way to walk.
The base will initially be formed by documents from individuals and will be complemented with other data through the CPF, indicated in the decree as “a key attribute for the unambiguous consolidation of biographical, biometric and cadastral attributes”.
The costs of implementing the Citizen’s Base Register will remain with the Secretariat of Digital Government, subordinated to the Special Secretariat for Debureaucratization, Management and Digital Government of the Ministry of Economy.
The costs of adapting the thematic bases to make the central base viable will be the public entities and bodies responsible for the information.
Decree creates Central Data Governance Committee
The decree also provides for the creation of the Central Data Governance Committee. The group will have the mission of defining rules for the choice of data sharing levels and the way of publishing the categorization.
The committee will also establish ways of assessing the integrity, quality and consistency of the databases. The group will have seven unpaid representatives, all of whom are linked to the Executive Branch and distributed in the following composition:
- two from the Ministry of Economy, one from the Special Secretariat for Bureaucratization, Management and Digital Government and one from the Special Secretariat of the Federal Revenue of Brazil;
- one from the Civil House of the Presidency of the Republic;
- one from the Secretariat for Transparency and Prevention of Corruption of CGU (Comptroller General of the Union);
- one from AGU (Federal Attorney General);
- one from the INSS (National Institute of Social Security).
The Central Data Governance Committee will have its first meeting in 30 days. Your representatives will begin to be defined within 15 days. Each of them will have an alternate who will assume his position in the bimonthly meetings in case of absence or impediment.
With information: Folha de S.Paulo.