Google is inaugurating another submarine cable: Indigo connects Australia to Singapore and has a capacity of 36 Tb / s (terabits per second) to reinforce the presence of Google Cloud in the Asia-Pacific region. The company has invested US $ 47 billion in the past three years to improve its network infrastructure, including cables that connect Brazil to other countries.
The Indigo submarine cable began construction in 2018 and extends for about 9,200 km, connecting the cities of Sydney and Perth, Australia, to Jakarta (Indonesia) and the island of Singapore.
According to Google, it “will strengthen connectivity between Australia and Southeast Asia” and “allow for better internet connectivity, which means faster and more reliable services for all users”. Indigo was developed in partnership with AARnet, Indosat, Singtel, SubPartners and Telstra.
Google’s idea is to expand the number of Google Cloud regions. This means less latency and more speed for customers using their platform in the cloud. There are seven Cloud regions in Asia-Pacific, and two more will open in 2020, in the cities of Jakarta and Seoul (South Korea).
So Google is investing in another system submarine cables in the region: the JGA (Japan-Guam-Australia) will have two pairs of fiber connecting Japan to Guam, an island in Oceania that belongs to the USA (JGA-North); and two more pairs connecting Guam to Sydney (JGA-South). The JGA-South stretch will have approximately 7 thousand km and is scheduled to launch in early 2020.
Google has three submarine cables in Brazil
Google is a majority shareholder in 100 thousand km submarine cables around the world; of this total, the company is the sole owner of 17 thousand km. She explained last year why you prefer to own the cables: this allows you to choose the route with “the lowest latency for the largest segment of customers”, and allows you to use all the data transmission capacity.
The table below mentions (almost) all of Google’s investments in submarine cables. Three of them are in Brazil: Monet connects Florida (USA) to the cities of Fortaleza (CE) and Santos (SP); Tannat links Praia Grande (SP) to Maldonado (Uruguay); and Júnior goes from Rio de Janeiro to Praia Grande.